You may use batteries to power your everyday devices, but how much do you really know about the technology used to create them? Battery technology is becoming more advanced every year, allowing us to explore new solutions like electric cars. From the moment Alessandro Volta created the first electrical battery in 1799, it was clear that batteries would become an important aspect of our everyday activities.
Over the years, batteries have been created from the likes of lead-acid, nickel cadmium, alkaline, nickel-metal hydride and lithium-ion. You’ve probably heard of some of these before just from buying batteries from us, but do you know how their battery technology works?
The below infographic from Visual Capitalist helps to explain the various battery technology and how it has evolved. For example; did you know that a British chemist created a new cell, about 40 years after Alessandro Volta? John Frederic Daniell solved one of the problems of Volta’s Voltaic pile, which helped to expand the battery’s lifespan and use. Since then, new battery technology has continued to emerge, making our batteries last longer and become safer to use.
Popular types of batteries
You are probably more familiar with the likes of alkaline batteries, which became popular thanks to brands like Duracell and Energizer. They are a common household battery used for all sorts of devices, but the modern alkaline battery was only invented in the 1950s.
Similarly, nickel metal hydride (NiMH) batteries were only commercially available in 1989, after two decades of development which was sponsored by Daimler-Benz and Volkswagen AG.
You might also recognise lithium-ion batteries, which are one of the newest types; Sony released the first commercial lithium-ion battery in 1991.
Choosing the right battery technology
There are so many different factors that can determine what battery you need; from the device you’re using it in, to the cost. You should also look at power, with different types offering different capacities and voltage. There are also rechargeable batteries to consider too, which have their own benefits such as being environmentally friendly and better value for money.
So, next time you’re buying batteries online, make sure you know what you’re buying! Check out the full infographic below, or take a look at the full series here.